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Terms Of Use

LEVOCETIRIZINE

Brand Name(s) : Levocetrizine, Xyzal
Warnings
Uses
Side Effects
Precautions
Interactions
Overdose

LEVOCETIRIZINE WARNINGS

Tablet form:

  • Levocetirizine should be used with caution in:
    • People drinking alcohol
    • Pregnant women
    • Women breastfeeding
  • It should not be used in:
    • Children under six years of age. A childrens‘ (paediatric) formulation should be used.
    • People with an allergy to levocetirizine, any piperazine derivatives, or any of levocetirizine's ingredients
    • People with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption
    • People with severe decreased kidney function

Oral solution form:

  • Levocetirizine should be used with caution in:
    • Pregnant women
    • Women breastfeeding
  • It should not be used in:
    • Children, under two years of age
    • People with an allergy to levocetirizine, any piperazine derivatives, methyl parahydroxybenzoate, propyl parahydroxybenzoate or any of the other ingredients
    • People with rare hereditary problems of fructose intolerance
    • People with severe decreased kidney function

Also see list of precautions and interactions

STORAGE

No special storage conditions are required.

LEVOCETIRIZINE USES

What is it used for?

  • Levocetirizine is used to treat allergies.
  • It is a non-sedating antihistamine.
  • It is used to relieve symptoms of allergic reactions.
  • In general this drug is used to treat a variety of allergic conditions, and the symptoms that arise from them, such as hay fever and insect bites. Allergic rhinitis is a condition with inflammation of the nose arising from an allergy such as pollen in hay fever, house dust mites or animal fur. This leads to cold-like symptoms, such as sneezing, itchiness and a blocked or runny nose. Urticaria is a skin condition, often known as hives or nettle rash. The symptoms of urticaria include a red, itchy rash.
  • Benefits of being on this drug can include relief from the symptoms of the allergic reactions.

Listed below are the typical uses of levocetirizine

  • Allergic rhinitis (including persistent allergic rhinitis)
  • Chronic idiopathic urticaria

On occasion your doctor may prescribe this medicine to treat a condition not on the above list.

HOW TO USE/TAKE

This medication can be taken as a tablet or as an oral solution.

How often do I take it?

  • Tablet form: Take this medication orally, usually one tablet once daily, with or without food. The medication should be swallowed whole with a little water.
  • Oral solution form: Take this medication orally usually once daily, with or without food. Directions for use of the oral suspension can be found in the Patient Information Leaflet.
  • Use this medication for duration of prescription in order to get the most benefit from it.
  • Remember to use it at the same time each day - unless specifically told otherwise by your doctor.
  • It may take up to a few hours before the full benefit of this drug takes effect.
  • Certain medical conditions may require different dosage instructions as directed by your doctor.

What dose?

  • Dosage is based on your age, gender, medical condition, response to therapy, and use of certain interacting medicines.

Do I need to avoid anything?

  • This medication may cause drowsiness and sleepiness, if you are affected you should avoid driving or operating machinery. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details. Alcohol intake should be avoided while taking this medication.

When can I stop?

  • Always complete the full course as prescribed by your doctor. If you are taking this medication for intermittent allergic rhinitis then levocetirizine may be taken as required to relieve symptoms.

LEVOCETIRIZINE SIDE EFFECTS

  • Headache
  • Sleepiness
  • Drowsiness
  • Dry mouth
  • Tiredness
  • Weakness
  • Abdominal pain
  • Aggression
  • Agitation
  • Convulsions (fits)
  • Changes in vision
  • Chest pain
  • Breathlessness
  • Nausea
  • Yellowing of eyes and/or skin (signs of liver problems)
  • Skin rashes, such as redness, itching
  • Muscle pain
  • Weight gain
If any of these persist or you consider them severe then inform doctor or pharmacist.

Tell your doctor immediately if you develop any of the following symptoms: None Known

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

A serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction include: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

The Yellow Card Scheme allows you to report suspected side effects from any type of medicine (which includes vaccines, herbals and over the counter medicines) that you are taking. It is run by the medicines safety watchdog called the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory agency (MHRA). Please report any suspected side effect on the Yellow Card Scheme website.

LEVOCETIRIZINE PRECAUTIONS

Before taking levocetirizine, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other antihistamines; or if you have any other allergies.

This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have:

  • Tablet form:
    • An allergy to levocetirizine, any piperazine derivatives, or any of the other ingredients
    • Rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption
    • Severely decreased kidney function
  • Oral solution form:
    • An allergy to levocetirizine, any piperazine derivatives, methyl parahydroxybenzoate, propyl parahydroxybenzoate or any of the other ingredients
    • Rare hereditary problems of fructose intolerance
    • Severely decreased kidney function

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history.

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking this medication.

Does alcohol intake affect this drug?

  • It is not recommended to consume alcohol while taking this medication.

The elderly: levocetirizine should be used with caution in the elderly if they have decreased kidney function.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding - please ensure you read the detailed information below

PREGNANCY

The safety of levocetirizine has not been established during pregnancy, and is therefore not recommended. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any doubts or questions about this.

It is sensible to limit use of medication during pregnancy whenever possible. However, your doctor may decide that the benefits outweigh the risks in individual circumstances and after a careful assessment of your specific health situation.

If you have any doubts or concerns you are advised to discuss the medicine with your doctor or pharmacist.

BREAST FEEDING

It is not known whether levocetirizine passes into breast milk. The manufacturer therefore states that it should not be taken if you are breastfeeding.

It is sensible to limit use of medication during breastfeeding whenever possible. However, your doctor may decide that the benefits outweigh the risks in individual circumstances and after a careful assessment of your specific health situation.

If you have any doubts or concerns you are advised to discuss the medicine with your doctor or pharmacist.

LEVOCETIRIZINE INTERACTIONS

Your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with them first.

This drug should not be used with the following medications because very serious, possibly fatal interactions may occur: None known.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and non-prescription/herbal products you may use, especially of:

  • Theophylline (used to treat asthma)
  • Alcohol
  • Medicines which have an effect on breathing rate and sleepiness including sleeping pills and some drugs used to treat mental health problems

This information does not contain all possible interactions. Therefore, before using levocetirizine, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use.

LEVOCETIRIZINE OVERDOSE

Symptoms of overdose may include drowsiness in adults and initially agitation and restlessness, followed by drowsiness in children.

If you think you, or someone you care for, might have accidentally taken more than the recommended dose of levocetirizine or intentional overdose is suspected, contact your local hospital, GP or if in England call 111. In Scotland call NHS 24. In Wales, call NHS Direct Wales. In the case of medical emergencies, always dial 999.

MISSED DOSE

If you forget to take levocetirizine, or if you take a lower dose than prescribed by your doctor, do not take a double dose to compensate; wait for the time of the next dose, and take the dose as prescribed by your doctor.

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Source: Selected from data included with permission and copyrighted by Boots UK Limited or TicTac Communications Ltd. This copyrighted material is sourced from a licensed data provider and is not for distribution, except as may be authorised by the applicable terms of use.
CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgement of healthcare professionals. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse events, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular medicine is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any medicine, changing any diet, or discontinuing any course of treatment.

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