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SODIUM CHLORIDE (STERIPOULES SODIUM CHLORIDE)

Brand Name(s) : Irriclens, Miniversol, Normasol, Slow Sodium, Steripod, Steripoules sodium chloride, Sure-Amp sodium chloride, Uriflex-S, Uriflex-SP, Versol
Warnings
Uses
Side Effects
Precautions
Interactions
Overdose

SODIUM CHLORIDE WARNINGS

Sodium chloride solution should be used with caution in:

  • None known

Sodium chloride injection should be used with caution in:

  • People with heart disease
  • People with kidney problems
  • People with diabetes
  • People with high blood pressure (hypertension) during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia)
  • People with fluid retention (swelling in parts of the body, particularly feet and ankles)

Sodium chloride tablets should be used with caution in:

  • People with stomach problems that can cause narrowing of the intestines and blockages, such as Crohn's disease, diverticulitis or after major stomach surgery
  • People who have a problem drinking enough water

Sodium chloride solution should not be used in:

  • None known

Sodium chloride injection should not be used in:

  • None known

Sodium chloride tablets should not be used in:

  • People with fluid retention (oedema)
  • Heart disease
  • Heart failure
  • A condition called aldosteronism in which the adrenal glands produce too much aldosterone leading to low levels of potassium in the blood
  • People having treatment to produce salt and water loss, usually those who have fluid retention, heart failure or high blood pressure (hypertension)

Also see list of precautions and interactions

STORAGE

Store sodium chloride solution below 25°C in the original container to protect from light. Do not allow it to freeze.

Store sodium chloride injection under 25°C.

Do not store sodium chloride tablets above 30°C and protect from moisture.

SODIUM CHLORIDE USES

What is it used for?

  • Sodium chloride (salt) is used to replace low levels of sodium in the body and to wash out wounds and remove foreign bodies from eyes. It is also used to mix with other medicines before they are given to patients. Sodium chloride in water is known as saline solution.
  • It is a type of electrolyte, sometimes known as a salt.
  • Sodium chloride in water (saline solution) is used to wash out wounds and eyes, especially if there is a foreign body, such as grit, in them. It is also used to make up drug solutions. Sodium chloride injection is used to replace sodium that has been lost from the body. Sodium chloride tablets are used for the treatment and prevention of a lack of sodium chloride in the body (sodium chloride deficiency).
  • In general this drug is used as a wash for the eyes and wounds, to make up drugs in solution and to replace lost sodium chloride in the body.
  • Benefits of being on this drug can include replacement of sodium chloride in the body and sterile removal of foreign material from eyes and wounds.

Listed below are the typical uses of sodium chloride:

  • As a wash for removing foreign bodies from eyes and irrigating wounds
  • Treatment and prevention of a lack of sodium chloride in the body
  • For making up drugs in solution

On occasion your doctor may prescribe this medicine to treat a condition not on the above list.

HOW TO USE/TAKE

How often do I take it?

  • Take sodium chloride exactly as your doctor has told you.
  • Use this medication for the duration of the prescription in order to get the most benefit from it.
  • Remember to use it at the same time each day - unless specifically told not to by your doctor.
  • Certain medical conditions may require different dosage instructions as directed by your doctor.

What dose?

  • Dosage is based on your age, gender, medical condition, response to therapy, and use of certain interacting medicines.

Do I need to avoid anything?

  • If taking sodium chloride tablets, drink adequate amounts of water. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

When can I stop?

  • Always complete the full course as prescribed by your doctor.

SODIUM CHLORIDE SIDE EFFECTS

Sodium chloride solution:

  • None known

Sodium chloride injection:

  • High levels of sodium in the body (hypernatraemia)
  • Dehydration causing blood clots and internal bleeding
  • Pain at the site of injection

Sodium chloride tablets:

  • None known

If any of these persist or you consider them severe then inform your doctor or pharmacist.

Tell your doctor immediately if you develop any of the following symptoms with sodium chloride injection:

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

A serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction include: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

The Yellow Card Scheme allows you to report suspected side effects from any type of medicine (which includes vaccines, herbals and over the counter medicines) that you are taking. It is run by the medicines safety watchdog called the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory agency (MHRA). Please report any suspected side effect on the Yellow Card Scheme website.

SODIUM CHLORIDE PRECAUTIONS

Before taking sodium chloride, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other electrolytes; or if you have any other allergies.

Sodium chloride solution should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist in case of:

  • None known

Sodium chloride injection should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist in case of:

  • None known

Sodium chloride tablets should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist in case of:

  • Fluid retention (oedema)
  • Heart disease
  • Heart failure
  • A condition called aldosteronism in which the adrenal glands produce too much aldosterone leading to low levels of potassium in the blood
  • Treatment to produce salt and water loss, usually those who have fluid retention, heart failure or high blood pressure (hypertension)

Before using sodium chloride injection tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially any of the following:

  • Heart disease
  • Kidney problems
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure (hypertension) during pregnancy (pre-eclampsia)
  • Fluid retention (swelling in parts of the body, particularly feet and ankles)

Before using sodium chloride tablets tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially any of the following:

  • Stomach problems that can cause narrowing of the intestines and blockages, such as Crohn's disease, diverticulitis or after major stomach surgery
  • A problem drinking enough water

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking this medication.

Does alcohol intake affect this drug?

  • Alcohol is not known to affect this medicine.

People with stomach problems. Sodium chloride tablets should be used with caution in people with stomach problems as the tablets may cause a blockage.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding - please ensure you read the detailed information below

PREGNANCY

Sodium chloride solution and injection is suitable to take during pregnancy. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any doubts or questions about this.

The safety of sodium chloride tablets has not been established during pregnancy. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any doubts or questions about this.

It is sensible to limit use of medication during pregnancy whenever possible. However, your doctor may decide that the benefits outweigh the risks in individual circumstances and after a careful assessment of your specific health situation.

If you have any doubts or concerns you are advised to discuss the medicine with your doctor or pharmacist.

BREAST FEEDING

Sodium chloride solution and injection is suitable to take if you are breastfeeding.

The safety of sodium chloride tablets has not been established during breastfeeding Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any doubts or questions about this.

It is sensible to limit use of medication during breastfeeding whenever possible. However, your doctor may decide that the benefits outweigh the risks in individual circumstances and after a careful assessment of your specific health situation.

If you have any doubts or concerns you are advised to discuss the medicine with your doctor or pharmacist.

SODIUM CHLORIDE INTERACTIONS

Your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with them first.

This drug should not be used with the following medications because very serious, possibly fatal interactions may occur:

  • None known.

Before using sodium chloride tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and non-prescription/herbal products you may use, especially of:

  • other sodium salts

Before using sodium chloride tablets tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and non-prescription/herbal products you may use, especially of:

  • Drugs for high blood pressure (hypertension) if you have kidney problems

This information does not contain all possible interactions. Therefore, before using sodium chloride, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use.

SODIUM CHLORIDE OVERDOSE

The effects of overdose with sodium chloride solution are not known.

Taking too much sodium chloride injection may cause the following: feeling and being sick, diarrhoea, stomach cramps, thirst, reduced production of sweat and tears, sweating, fever, signs of low blood pressure (hypotension), such as dizziness and light-headedness, fast heart beat (tachycardia), swelling, breathing problems, headache, restlessness, irritability, muscular twitching and rigidity, weakness, kidney problems, convulsions, coma.

People who have taken too much sodium chloride injection should contact their doctor or hospital casualty department immediately.

Taking too much sodium chloride tablets may cause the following: restlessness, weakness, thirst, reduced production of sweat and tears, swollen tongue, flushing of the skin, fever, dizziness, headache, decreased production of urine, fast heart beat, confusion, over-breathing and stopping breathing.

People who have taken too much sodium chloride tablets should contact their doctor or hospital casualty department immediately.

If you think you, or someone you care for, might have accidentally taken more than the recommended dose of sodium chloride injection or tablets or intentional overdose is suspected, contact your local hospital, GP or if in England call 111. In Scotland call NHS 24. In Wales, call NHS Direct Wales. In the case of medical emergencies, always dial 999.

MISSED DOSE

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

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Source: Selected from data included with permission and copyrighted by Boots UK Limited or TicTac Communications Ltd. This copyrighted material is sourced from a licensed data provider and is not for distribution, except as may be authorised by the applicable terms of use.
CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgement of healthcare professionals. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse events, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular medicine is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any medicine, changing any diet, or discontinuing any course of treatment.

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